U.N. Urged To Freeze Climate
Chisa Fujioka NAGOYA, Japan | Thu Oct 21, 2010
NAGOYA, Japan (Reuters) - The United Nations should impose a
moratorium on "geo-engineering" projects such as artificial
volcanoes and vast cloud-seeding schemes to fight climate
change, green groups say, fearing they could harm nature and
The risks were too great because the impacts of manipulating
nature on a vast scale were not fully known, the groups said at
a major U.N. meeting in Japan aimed at combating increasing
losses of plant and animal species.
Envoys from nearly 200 countries are gathered in Nagoya, Japan,
to agree targets to fight the destruction of forests, rivers and
coral reefs that provide resources and services central to
livelihoods and economies.
A major cause for the rapid losses in nature is climate change,
the United Nations says, raising the urgency for the world to do
whatever it can to curb global warming and prevent extreme
droughts, floods and rising sea levels. [Michael
Irving, WGFT Editor: 'Global
Warming' is a sham. And the greatest cause of damage to Nature
is the massive, aerial spraying operation which has become known
Some countries regard geo-engineering projects costing billions
of dollars as a way to control climate change by cutting the
amount of sunlight hitting the earth or soaking up excess
greenhouse gas emissions, particularly carbon dioxide.
"It's absolutely inappropriate for a handful of governments in
industrialized countries to make a decision to try
geo-engineering without the approval of all the world's
support", Pat Mooney, from Canada-headquartered advocacy
organization ETC Group, told Reuters on the sidelines of the
October 18-29 meeting.
"They shouldn't proceed with real-life, in-the-environment
experimentation or the deployment of any geo-engineering until
there is a consensus in the United Nations that this is okay."
Some conservation groups say geo-engineering is a way for some
governments and companies to get out of taking steps to slash
The U.N. climate panel says a review of geo-engineering will be
part of its next major report in 2013.
of the geo-engineering schemes proposed include:
-- Ocean fertilization. Large areas are sprinkled with iron or
other nutrients to artificially spur growth of phytoplankton,
which soak up carbon dioxide. But this could trigger harmful
algal blooms, soak up nutrients and kill fish and other animals.
-- Spray seawater into the atmosphere to increase the
reflectivity and condensation of clouds so they bounce more
sunlight back into space.
-- Placing trillions of tiny solar reflectors out in space to
cut the amount of sunlight reaching the Earth.
-- Artificial volcanoes. Tiny sulfate particles or other
materials are released into the stratosphere to reflect
sunlight, simulating the effect of a major volcanic eruption.
-- Carbon capture and storage. Supported by a number of
governments and involves capturing CO2 from power stations,
refineries and natural gas wells and pumping it deep
Mooney said the U.N. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
should expand its de-facto moratorium on ocean fertilization
agreed in 2008 to all geo-engineering, although the proposal was
resisted by some countries, including Canada, earlier this year.
Canada said in Nagoya that it would work with the CBD.
"Canada was simply concerned about the lack of clarity on
definitions including what activities are included in
'geo-engineering'," Cynthia Wright, head of the delegation, said
in an email response.
"Canada shares concerns of the international community about
potential negative impacts of geo-engineering on biodiversity
and is willing to work with other CBD Parties to avoid these
impacts," she said.
Environmentalists said geo-engineering went against the spirit
of the Nagoya talks, which aims to set new targets for 2020 to
protect nature, such as setting up more land and marine
protected areas, cutting pollution and managing fishing.
"We are certainly in favor of more (geo-engineering) research,
as in all fields, but not any implementation for the time being
because it's too dangerous. We don't know what the effects can
be," said Francois Simard of conservation group IUCN.
"Improving nature conservation is what we should do in order to
fight climate change, not trying to change nature."
(Reporting by Chisa Fujioka; Editing by David Fogarty)
HAARP 'Weather War' Technology Used In
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Gathering and the 100th Monkey
and Introduction to World Gathering